Ostracism in athenian democracy

From BC political trials were no longer held in the assembly, but only in a court. There were however officials such as the nine archons, who while seemingly a board carried out very different functions from each other.

They note that wealthy and influential people--and their relatives--served on the Council much more frequently than would be likely Ostracism in athenian democracy a Ostracism in athenian democracy random lottery.

On the third day they fled the city and were banished. Yet, after the demise of Athenian democracy, few looked upon it Ostracism in athenian democracy a good form of government. Two examples demonstrate this: In the 5th century BC, principally as seen through the figure of Periclesthe generals could be among the most powerful people in the pols.

In the 5th century at least there were scarcely any limits on the power exercised by the assembly. Unlike office holders magistrateswho could be impeached and prosecuted for misconduct, the jurors could not be censured, for they, in effect, were the people and no authority could be higher than that.

While citizens voting in the assembly were the people and so were free of review or punishment, those same citizens when holding an office served the people and could be punished very severely.

Plutarch of Chaeronea says that a grand total of 6, potsherds had to be cast; Philochorus, however, states that the exiled man had to receive 6, votes. A well-established democracy can cope with these people, but charismatic personalities can destabilize early democracies and become tyrants as happened several times in ancient Syracuse.

One of these was now called the main meeting, kyria ekklesia. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Plutarch of Chaeronea says that a grand total of 6, potsherds had to be cast; Philochorus, however, states that the exiled man had to receive 6, votes.

Decisions were made by voting without any time set aside for deliberation. While his opponents were away attempting to assist the Spartans, Ephialtes persuaded the Assembly to reduce the powers of the Areopagus: The allotment of an individual was based on citizenship rather than merit or any form of personal popularity which could be bought.

Notably, the property of the man banished was not confiscated and there was no loss of status. Under this, anything passed by the assembly or even proposed but not yet voted on, could be put on hold for review before a jury — which might annul it and perhaps punish the proposer as well.

Later, "the demos is reported to have regretted what had happened Cleisthenes restricted its membership, "to those of zeugitai status and above, probably arguing that these classes had a financial interest in good government". He did so on the pretext of the Alcmaeonid curse. Purpose[ edit ] Because ostracism was carried out by thousands of people over many decades of an evolving political situation and culture, it did not serve a single monolithic purpose.

Henceforth laws were made not in the assembly, but by special panels of citizens drawn from the annual jury pool of In a section of the agora set off and suitably barriered, [2] citizens gave the name of those they wished to be ostracised to a scribe, as many of them were illiterate, and they then scratched the name on pottery shards, and deposited them in urns.

Furthermore, all citizens selected were reviewed before taking up office dokimasia at which they might be disqualified.

Cleisthenes

But from BC they were set sharply apart. Although democracy predated Athenian imperialism by over thirty years, they are sometimes associated with each other. A Desk Reference for the Curious Mind. Our sources are unclear about the quorum.

The close connection between political power and the power of expulsion explains why ostracism was a central part of the democratic reforms.

fifth century, including ostracism and the rules governing its political system—its law of democracy, They were responses to the particular challenges Athenian democracy faced and to the background conditions, ideological, social and political, of that society.

Yet political stability. Ostracism Ostracism (Greek: ὀστρακισμός, ostrakismos) was a procedure under the Athenian democracy in which any citizen could be expelled from the city-state of Athens for ten years.

While some instances clearly expressed popular anger at the citizen, ostracism was often used preemptively. For intellectual critics of the Athenian democratic system as such, though, ostracism remained a prime instance of democracy's inherent weaknesses and indeed immoralities.

One. Ostracism was a process instituted as one of the Kleisthenic reforms of /7BC as a result of the non-elite intervention in the conflict with the Spartan backed Isagoras, although there is no evidence for its actual use before BC (Forsdyke ).

Nevertheless, ostracism was the supreme example of the power of the ordinary people, the demos, to combat abuses of power in the Athenian democracy. The Process.

The decision whether or not to ostracise individuals was taken once each year. Aug 23,  · Watch video · Ostracism, in which a citizen could be expelled from Athens for 10 years, was among the powers of the ekklesia.

Ancient Greek Democracy

The Ekklesia. Athenian democracy was made up of three important institutions.

Ostracism in athenian democracy
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Ostracism - Livius